## 4th, 5th & 6th Grades (Ages 9-12)

The Upper Elementary Program, for children ages 9 – 12, (grades 4, 5, and 6), continues to center on reason, relationships and community and refine these skills that began in Lower Elementary. These children work together and make choices. Self-confidence is enhanced with new challenges and, in collaboration with the teacher, multiple levels of learning take place, maximizing the individual potential of each child. Each child works at their own rate and pace.

(View School Supply List for Upper Elementary)

### Language:

• Exercises of logical agreement
• Word study
• Grammar analysis with grammar boxes
• Sentence analysis

### Skill development:

• Handwriting
• Dictionary skills
• Composition
• Punctuation
• Spelling
• Parts of speech
• Diagramming

### Social Studies:

• Geography cabinet
• Socio-economic geography
• Classified nomenclature of geography
• Timeline of life history
• Timeline of man’s history
• Timeline of civilizations
• History of one’s country
• History of one’s state
• Civic responsibilities

### Science:

• Botany
• Zoology
• Physics
• Scientific inquiry
• Chemistry
• Science experiments

### Math

• Multiplication
• Subtraction
• Division
• Multiples and factors
• Prime numbers
• Fraction equivalences
• Operations with fractions
• Complex operations with fractions
• Binomials and polynomials
• Study of powers with beads
• Square root with golden beads
• Square root with pegs
• Study of decimals
• The metric system
• Algebra
• Trigonometry
• Calculus
• Subtraction with borrowing
• Estimation
• Long division
• Lowest common multiple
• Highest common divisor
• Fraction equivalences
• Operations with fractions
• Binomials and polynomials
• Computation of powers
• Square root
• Problem solving/word problems
• Decimals
• Cubing
• Computation of percentage
• Computation of average Ratio and proportions
• Geometry
• Protractor
• Study of Perimeters Study of similarity
• Second series of constructive triangles
• Study of congruency
• Construction of figures with a compass
• Theorems of Pythagoras and Euclid
• Measuring angles
• Study of equivalence
• Yellow material for the study of volume